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ON FAITH & MEDIA View Comments

Hugo

By
Sr. Rose Pacatte, F.S.P.
Source: AmericanCatholic.org

“Hugo” is based on the remarkable Caldecott Medal winning novel for young people by Brian Selznick, “The Invention of Hugo Carbet” (2007). The book itself is a joy to read, a celebration of the power of the imagination and the magic of the movies.

The film adaptation is director Martin Scorsese’s passionate “hommage” to storytelling through cinema. It was written by John Logan, who is not a consistently good writer (he was nominated for Oscars for “Gladiator” and “The Aviator” but he also wrote “The Last Samurai” and “Rango”, that while entertaining, were lacking in plot development) but he has done a wonderful job here.

“Hugo” is the story of Hugo Carbet, a young orphan boy who lives in a Paris train station in 1930. Hugo’s father (Jude Law), a curator at a museum who is fascinated by an automaton, has died. Hugo’s Uncle Claude (Ray Winstone) comes to fetch him and the boy manages to grab his father’s notebook and the robot as he leaves.

When Uncle Claude disappears, Hugo keeps the clocks on time, helps himself to food around the station and comes to the attention of a station inspector (Sasha Baron Cohen). The owner of a stand that repairs and sells mechanical toys, an older man (Ben Kingsley) also notices Hugo trying to lift a toy and takes his notebook. He then hires Hugo to repair toys.

The stand owner turns out to be Georges Méliès, (1861-1938),  a former magician, and the first filmmaker to make fantasy science fiction films. His  “La Voyage Dans la Lune” can be seen in various lengths on YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Kpnbl3tn58 and is included in “Hugo”.   This information may seem like a “spoiler” but I think knowing it before seeing the film, especially if you are not familiar with film history, will add to your experience.

Méliès, made hundreds of films between 1897 and 1914 when he stopped because people preferred the ”realism” of the films of the Lumiere Brothers, who are credited with  inventing cinema, though now they are referred to  as being among the first  inventors., including Thomas Edison. Their  “Arrival of a Train”   is included in “Hugo” and can be seen on YouTube as well http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1dgLEDdFddk. This short film revolutionized society, that is, the way people came together in a shared experience of a story in ways never before experienced. Going to movies became an industry (Georges tells the story of his studio and how the studio workers, mostly women, made color film by paining each frame one by one. This is an amazing feat of creativity and intense, painstaking labor when you consider that film moves at 24 frames per second.)

Méliès wife, Mama Jeanne is played well by Helen McCrory and their ward, Isabelle (Chloë Grace Moretz), is the courageous girl who befriends Hugo, who brings everyone together.

What makes “Hugo” so special to me is that Martin Scorsese made it and it is filled with the afterimage of his Catholicism and imbued with his passion for cinema. This is evident in the visuals as well as the attitude toward the arts, storytelling, family, and the honor he gives to the imagination. In an era when literal interpretation is the driving method for understanding stories, news, and often scripture, a method that dries up dreams and ignores the imagination, “Hugo” is a gift to all of us.

I found myself profoundly moved by the film and at one point, I just started crying for the sheer joy of seeing the creative imagination validated.  If we  approach the film intentionally, willing to wait for the story to unfold, to savor the blend of sight and sound, to become a curious child again, to become seekers again, we, too, will be rewarded, just like Hugo.


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Cyril and Methodius: Because their father was an officer in a part of Greece inhabited by many Slavs, these two Greek brothers ultimately became missionaries, teachers and patrons of the Slavic peoples. 
<p>After a brilliant course of studies, Cyril (called Constantine until he became a monk shortly before his death) refused the governorship of a district such as his brother had accepted among the Slavic-speaking population. Cyril withdrew to a monastery where his brother Methodius had become a monk after some years in a governmental post. </p><p>A decisive change in their lives occurred when the Duke of Moravia (present-day Czech Republic) asked the Eastern Emperor Michael for political independence from German rule and ecclesiastical autonomy (having their own clergy and liturgy). Cyril and Methodius undertook the missionary task. </p><p>Cyril’s first work was to invent an alphabet, still used in some Eastern liturgies. His followers probably formed the Cyrillic alphabet (for example, modern Russian) from Greek capital letters. Together they translated the Gospels, the psalter, Paul’s letters and the liturgical books into Slavonic, and composed a Slavonic liturgy, highly irregular then. </p><p>That and their free use of the vernacular in preaching led to opposition from the German clergy. The bishop refused to consecrate Slavic bishops and priests, and Cyril was forced to appeal to Rome. On the visit to Rome, he and Methodius had the joy of seeing their new liturgy approved by Pope Adrian II. Cyril, long an invalid, died in Rome 50 days after taking the monastic habit. </p><p>Methodius continued mission work for 16 more years. He was papal legate for all the Slavic peoples, consecrated a bishop and then given an ancient see (now in the Czech Republic). When much of their former territory was removed from their jurisdiction, the Bavarian bishops retaliated with a violent storm of accusation against Methodius. As a result, Emperor Louis the German exiled Methodius for three years. Pope John VIII secured his release. </p><p>Because the Frankish clergy, still smarting, continued their accusations, Methodius had to go to Rome to defend himself against charges of heresy and uphold his use of the Slavonic liturgy. He was again vindicated. </p><p>Legend has it that in a feverish period of activity, Methodius translated the whole Bible into Slavonic in eight months. He died on Tuesday of Holy Week, surrounded by his disciples, in his cathedral church. </p><p>Opposition continued after his death, and the work of the brothers in Moravia was brought to an end and their disciples scattered. But the expulsions had the beneficial effect of spreading the spiritual, liturgical and cultural work of the brothers to Bulgaria, Bohemia and southern Poland. Patrons of Moravia, and specially venerated by Catholic Czechs, Slovaks, Croatians, Orthodox Serbians and Bulgarians, Cyril and Methodius are eminently fitted to guard the long-desired unity of East and West. In 1980, Pope John Paul II named them additional co-patrons of Europe (with Benedict).</p> American Catholic Blog This is the beauty of self-giving love: Men and women, driven by love, freely choose to give up their autonomy, to limit their freedom, by committing themselves to the good of the spouse. Love is so powerful that it impels them to want to surrender their will to their beloved in this profound way.

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