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Detoxifying Our Political Disagreements
By Fr. Pat McCloskey, OFM
Source: St. Anthony Messenger
Published: Monday, February 28, 2011
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We are outraged by the January 8 murders in Tucson outside a Safeway supermarket of Christina Green, Dorothy Morris, John M. Roll, Phyllis Schneck, Dorwan Stoddard and Gabriel Zimmerman. Gabrielle Giffords, the primary target of the attack and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, was shot and wounded, along with 13 other people.

Giffords and Roll, the chief judge for the United States District Court for Arizona, had received death threats in recent years. On the day she was shot, Giffords had been speaking with a couple about Medicare reimbursements during a “Congress on Your Corner” event.

The 22-year-old alleged gunman, Jared Lee Loughner, had been suspended from Pima County Community College last October after campus police were called five times because of his disruptions in classrooms or at the library.

Giffords, a Democrat, opposed Arizona’s 2010 tough immigration law that focuses on identifying, prosecuting and deporting illegal immigrants. Her support of the 2010 federal health-care law was very controversial.

Pima County Sheriff Clarence Dupnik blamed the attack on the “vitriolic rhetoric that we hear day in and day out from people in the radio business and some people in the TV business.” Republicans and Democrats condemned the attack.

It’s not enough for us to say that Loughner has a mental illness and then continue overheated political rhetoric. At some point, we become complicit in the hate speech that we do not effectively oppose.

In recent years, our political conversations have become dramatically less civil. On the Internet, in newspaper columns, on some radio talk shows and TV programs, people who disagree with our political positions are increasingly demonized and characterized as “bad” or “anti-American” rather than as “having a different political viewpoint.”

Jared Loughner initially refused to cooperate with investigators, citing the Fifth Amendment. That protection against self-incrimination is guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution, a document that would not exist if its drafters had demonized those who held different political opinions about various parts of that text.

As voters, we often say that we want more bipartisanship in state and national legislatures, but too many of us willingly pour gasoline on political fires.

Sharp political disagreements surfaced among the signers of the Declaration of Independence and the men who wrote the U.S. Constitution 11 years later. They were, however, able to find a way of working together.

For example, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson were great patriots but often found themselves on opposite sides politically.

We need politics because reasonable people frequently disagree about which new legislation benefits a city, state or country or about how to amend earlier legislation.

Although the Declaration of Independence asserts that “all men are created equal,” its drafters really meant that “all males who own land” are created equal. Slavery was outlawed during the Civil War. Women could not vote in federal elections until 1920.

The political process grinds to a halt if participants wrap the flag around their
viewpoints and brand everyone who holds a different opinion as not only evil but, in fact, also deserving extermination!

Isn’t there a double standard if the kind of speech that attracts close attention from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security—if spoken by U.S. Muslims—no longer offends many of us if we apply it to our domestic political opponents?

With a wink or a nod, too many of us are ready to say, “This may not be politically correct, but...,” and then say something truly hateful about some individual or group in our society.

Religious or political zeal, however, gives no one the right to trample upon fundamental human rights.

Politics always touches on what promotes or threatens the common good of society. That explains why politics will always require flexibility and a sense that “this may not be perfect, but it is the best that we can achieve at this time.”

Most of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, for example, would probably have described themselves as Christians. But would they recognize Jesus among the selfproclaimed Christian zealots whose right-wing or left-wing rhetoric we increasingly accept as “normal”?

In 1776, one signer, Charles Carroll of Carrolltown, Maryland, could not vote in that colony because he was a Catholic. Even so, his fellow citizens selected him as a representative to the Second Continental Congress.

Our level of political tolerance today is dramatically less than what existed in 1776. Do we have enough mutual respect to write the Declaration of Independence or the U.S. Constitution?

We cannot remain free and intolerant. Now is the time to act peacefully on this issue. Our faith demands it.

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Charles de Foucauld: Born into an aristocratic family in Strasbourg, France, Charles was orphaned at the age of six, raised by his devout grandfather, rejected the Catholic faith as a teenager and joined the French army. Inheriting a great deal of money from his grandfather, Charles went to Algeria with his regiment, but not without his mistress, Mimi. <br /><br />When he declined to give her up, he was dismissed from the army. Still in Algeria when he left Mimi, Charles reenlisted in the army. Refused permission to make a scientific exploration of nearby Morocco, he resigned from the service. With the help of a Jewish rabbi, Charles disguised himself as a Jew and in 1883 began a one-year exploration that he recorded in a book that was well received. <br /><br />Inspired by the Jews and Muslims whom he met, Charles resumed the practice of his Catholic faith when he returned to France in 1886. He joined a Trappist monastery in Ardeche, France, and later transferred to one in Akbes, Syria. Leaving the monastery in 1897, Charles worked as gardener and sacristan for the Poor Clare nuns in Nazareth and later in Jerusalem. In 1901 he returned to France and was ordained a priest. <br /><br />Later that year Charles journeyed to Beni-Abbes, Morocco, intending to found a monastic religious community in North Africa that offered hospitality to Christians, Muslims, Jews, or people with no religion. He lived a peaceful, hidden life but attracted no companions. <br /><br />A former army comrade invited him to live among the Tuareg people in Algeria. Charles learned their language enough to write a Tuareg-French and French-Tuareg dictionary, and to translate the Gospels into Tuareg. In 1905 he came to Tamanrasset, where he lived the rest of his life. A two-volume collection of Charles' Tuareg poetry was published after his death. <br /><br />In early 1909 he visited France and established an association of laypeople who pledged to live by the Gospels. His return to Tamanrasset was welcomed by the Tuareg. In 1915 Charles wrote to Louis Massignon: “The love of God, the love for one’s neighbor…All religion is found there…How to get to that point? Not in a day since it is perfection itself: it is the goal we must always aim for, which we must unceasingly try to reach and that we will only attain in heaven.”   <br /><br />The outbreak of World War I led to attacks on the French in Algeria. Seized in a raid by another tribe, Charles and two French soldiers coming to visit him were shot to death on December 1, 1916. <br />Five religious congregations, associations, and spiritual institutes (Little Brothers of Jesus, Little Sisters of the Sacred Heart, Little Sisters of Jesus, Little Brothers of the Gospel and Little Sisters of the Gospel) draw inspiration from the peaceful, largely hidden, yet hospitable life that characterized Charles. He was beatified on November 13, 2005. American Catholic Blog You know, O my God, I have never desired anything but to love you, and I am ambitious for no other glory.

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