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opinion/commentary View Comments

Detoxifying Our Political Disagreements
By Fr. Pat McCloskey, OFM
Source: St. Anthony Messenger
Published: Monday, February 28, 2011
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We are outraged by the January 8 murders in Tucson outside a Safeway supermarket of Christina Green, Dorothy Morris, John M. Roll, Phyllis Schneck, Dorwan Stoddard and Gabriel Zimmerman. Gabrielle Giffords, the primary target of the attack and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, was shot and wounded, along with 13 other people.

Giffords and Roll, the chief judge for the United States District Court for Arizona, had received death threats in recent years. On the day she was shot, Giffords had been speaking with a couple about Medicare reimbursements during a “Congress on Your Corner” event.

The 22-year-old alleged gunman, Jared Lee Loughner, had been suspended from Pima County Community College last October after campus police were called five times because of his disruptions in classrooms or at the library.

Giffords, a Democrat, opposed Arizona’s 2010 tough immigration law that focuses on identifying, prosecuting and deporting illegal immigrants. Her support of the 2010 federal health-care law was very controversial.

Pima County Sheriff Clarence Dupnik blamed the attack on the “vitriolic rhetoric that we hear day in and day out from people in the radio business and some people in the TV business.” Republicans and Democrats condemned the attack.

It’s not enough for us to say that Loughner has a mental illness and then continue overheated political rhetoric. At some point, we become complicit in the hate speech that we do not effectively oppose.

In recent years, our political conversations have become dramatically less civil. On the Internet, in newspaper columns, on some radio talk shows and TV programs, people who disagree with our political positions are increasingly demonized and characterized as “bad” or “anti-American” rather than as “having a different political viewpoint.”

Jared Loughner initially refused to cooperate with investigators, citing the Fifth Amendment. That protection against self-incrimination is guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution, a document that would not exist if its drafters had demonized those who held different political opinions about various parts of that text.

As voters, we often say that we want more bipartisanship in state and national legislatures, but too many of us willingly pour gasoline on political fires.

Sharp political disagreements surfaced among the signers of the Declaration of Independence and the men who wrote the U.S. Constitution 11 years later. They were, however, able to find a way of working together.

For example, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson were great patriots but often found themselves on opposite sides politically.

We need politics because reasonable people frequently disagree about which new legislation benefits a city, state or country or about how to amend earlier legislation.

Although the Declaration of Independence asserts that “all men are created equal,” its drafters really meant that “all males who own land” are created equal. Slavery was outlawed during the Civil War. Women could not vote in federal elections until 1920.

The political process grinds to a halt if participants wrap the flag around their
viewpoints and brand everyone who holds a different opinion as not only evil but, in fact, also deserving extermination!

Isn’t there a double standard if the kind of speech that attracts close attention from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security—if spoken by U.S. Muslims—no longer offends many of us if we apply it to our domestic political opponents?

With a wink or a nod, too many of us are ready to say, “This may not be politically correct, but...,” and then say something truly hateful about some individual or group in our society.

Religious or political zeal, however, gives no one the right to trample upon fundamental human rights.

Politics always touches on what promotes or threatens the common good of society. That explains why politics will always require flexibility and a sense that “this may not be perfect, but it is the best that we can achieve at this time.”

Most of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, for example, would probably have described themselves as Christians. But would they recognize Jesus among the selfproclaimed Christian zealots whose right-wing or left-wing rhetoric we increasingly accept as “normal”?

In 1776, one signer, Charles Carroll of Carrolltown, Maryland, could not vote in that colony because he was a Catholic. Even so, his fellow citizens selected him as a representative to the Second Continental Congress.

Our level of political tolerance today is dramatically less than what existed in 1776. Do we have enough mutual respect to write the Declaration of Independence or the U.S. Constitution?

We cannot remain free and intolerant. Now is the time to act peacefully on this issue. Our faith demands it.


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John Paul II: “Open wide the doors to Christ,” urged John Paul II during the homily at the Mass when he was installed as pope in 1978. <br /><br />Born in Wadowice, Poland, Karol Jozef Wojtyla had lost his mother, father and older brother before his 21st birthday. Karol’s promising academic career at Krakow’s Jagiellonian University was cut short by the outbreak of World War II. While working in a quarry and a chemical factory, he enrolled in an “underground” seminary in Kraków. Ordained in 1946, he was immediately sent to Rome where he earned a doctorate in theology. <br /><br />Back in Poland, a short assignment as assistant pastor in a rural parish preceded his very fruitful chaplaincy for university students. Soon he earned a doctorate in philosophy and began teaching that subject at Poland’s University of Lublin. <br /><br />Communist officials allowed him to be appointed auxiliary bishop of Kraków in 1958, considering him a relatively harmless intellectual. They could not have been more wrong! <br /><br />He attended all four sessions of Vatican II and contributed especially to its <em>Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World</em>. Appointed as archbishop of Kraków in 1964, he was named a cardinal three years later. <br /><br />Elected pope in October 1978, he took the name of his short-lived, immediate predecessor. Pope John Paul II was the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. In time, he made pastoral visits to 124 countries, including several with small Christian populations. <br /><br />He promoted ecumenical and interfaith initiatives, especially the 1986 Day of Prayer for World Peace in Assisi. He visited Rome’s Main Synagogue and the Western Wall in Jerusalem; he also established diplomatic relations between the Holy See and Israel. He improved Catholic-Muslim relations and in 2001 visited a mosque in Damascus, Syria. <br /><br />The Great Jubilee of the Year 2000, a key event in John Paul’s ministry, was marked by special celebrations in Rome and elsewhere for Catholics and other Christians. Relations with the Orthodox Churches improved considerably during his ministry as pope. <br /><br />“Christ is the center of the universe and of human history” was the opening line of his 1979 encyclical, <em>Redeemer of the Human Race</em>. In 1995, he described himself to the United Nations General Assembly as “a witness to hope.” <br /><br />His 1979 visit to Poland encouraged the growth of the Solidarity movement there and the collapse of communism in central and eastern Europe 10 years later. He began World Youth Day and traveled to several countries for those celebrations. He very much wanted to visit China and the Soviet Union but the governments in those countries prevented that. <br /><br />One of the most well-remembered photos of his pontificate was his one-on-one conversation in 1983 with Mehmet Ali Agca, who had attempted to assassinate him two years earlier. <br /><br />In his 27 years of papal ministry, John Paul II wrote 14 encyclicals and five books, canonized 482 saints and beatified 1,338 people. <br /><br />In the last years of his life, he suffered from Parkinson’s disease and was forced to cut back on some of his activities. <br /><br />Pope Benedict XVI beatified John Paul II in 2011, and Pope Francis canonized him in 2014. American Catholic Blog Lord, may I have balance and measure in everything—except in Love. —St. Josemaría Escrivá

 
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