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Daily Catholic Question

Where did the title 'Mary, Star of the Sea' come from?

This title has been applied to Mary for centuries. One explanation is that when St. Jerome translated the Hebrew word mar, he used the Latin word stilla. Yam is the Hebrew word for "sea." Thus, maryam (Mary's name) would mean "drop of the sea." Later, the Latin stilla (drop) was read as stella (star). "Drop of the sea" became "star of the sea."

Ave Maris Stella
is a ninth-century Latin hymn honoring Mary. Considering the dangers of sea travel in ancient times, it is easy to imagine that sailors and passengers gladly prayed to Mary for safe passage.

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Monday, October 28, 2013
Daily Catholic Question for 10/27/2013 Daily Catholic Question for 10/29/2013


Andrew Kim Taegon, Paul Chong Hasang and Companions: This first native Korean priest was the son of Korean converts. His father, Ignatius Kim, was martyred during the persecution of 1839 and was beatified in 1925. After Baptism at the age of 15, Andrew traveled 1,300 miles to the seminary in Macao, China. After six years he managed to return to his country through Manchuria. That same year he crossed the Yellow Sea to Shanghai and was ordained a priest. Back home again, he was assigned to arrange for more missionaries to enter by a water route that would elude the border patrol. He was arrested, tortured and finally beheaded at the Han River near Seoul, the capital. Paul Chong Hasang was a lay apostle and married man, aged 45. 
<p>Christianity came to Korea during the Japanese invasion in 1592 when some Koreans were baptized, probably by Christian Japanese soldiers. Evangelization was difficult because Korea refused all contact with the outside world except for bringing taxes to Beijing annually. On one of these occasions, around 1777, Christian literature obtained from Jesuits in China led educated Korean Christians to study. A home Church began. When a Chinese priest managed to enter secretly a dozen years later, he found 4,000 Catholics, none of whom had ever seen a priest. Seven years later there were 10,000 Catholics. Religious freedom came in 1883. </p><p>When Pope John Paul II visited Korea in 1984 he canonized, besides Andrew and Paul, 98 Koreans and three French missionaries who had been martyred between 1839 and 1867. Among them were bishops and priests, but for the most part they were lay persons: 47 women, 45 men. </p><p>Among the martyrs in 1839 was Columba Kim, an unmarried woman of 26. She was put in prison, pierced with hot tools and seared with burning coals. She and her sister Agnes were disrobed and kept for two days in a cell with condemned criminals, but were not molested. After Columba complained about the indignity, no more women were subjected to it. The two were beheaded. A boy of 13, Peter Ryou, had his flesh so badly torn that he could pull off pieces and throw them at the judges. He was killed by strangulation. Protase Chong, a 41-year-old noble, apostatized under torture and was freed. Later he came back, confessed his faith and was tortured to death. </p><p>Today, there are almost 5.1 million Catholics in Korea.</p> American Catholic Blog We never think of connecting violence with our tongues. But the first weapon, the most cruel weapon, is the tongue. Examine what part your tongue has played in creating peace or violence. We can really wound a person, we can kill a person, with our tongue.

 
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CATHOLIC GREETINGS
St. Jude
Countless generations of Catholics have brought their prayers and their tears to this patron of hopeless causes.
Praying for You
To pray the rosary is to spend time with Jesus and Mary.
Congratulations
Share the joy of a special occasion by sending a Catholic Greetings e-card!
Godparents
For the one to be baptized, godparents represent the Christian Catholic community, the Church.
Halloween
It's coming! Encourage your neighbors to celebrate the Christian aspects of Halloween with a Catholic Greetings e-card.



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