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ON FAITH & MEDIA View Comments

Into the Abyss

By
Sr. Rose Pacatte, F.S.P.
Source: AmericanCatholic.org

On October 24, 2001, Jason Burkett and Michael Perry, both 19, murdered Sandra Stoler, her son Adam, and his friend Jeremy Richardson in Conroe, TX, so they could steal Sandra Stoler’s red Camaro.
 
Both Burkett and Perry were found guilty; Burkett got life in prison and Perry was sentenced to death. Perry exhausted all of his appeals and was executed by the State of Texas by lethal injection on Jul 1, 2010.
 
Director Werner Herzog has created a quiet, pensive documentary that never rushes. His voice is quiet and non-judgmental and he evokes deep responses. It’s like watching 48 Hours or Dateline crime show on slow motion. He interviews friends of the accused and family and friends of those who were killed. He revisits the crime scenes with law enforcement officers on duty during the days of the killing to the shoot out and capture of Burkett and Perry.
 
The strongest part of the film, for me, was the interview with captain of corrections, Fred Allen. He led the tie-down team for 130 executions before resigning after the execution of Karla Faye Tucker in 1998. He lost his pension when he resigned but could not do it any more and questions the morality of the death penalty; he no longer believes anyone has the right to take the life of another human being.
 
Herzog treats his subject with an even hand, even the woman who married Burkett in prison and somehow became pregnant with his child without conjugal visits.  At the end Adam Stoler’s sister says that she is doesn’t want to seem like an evil person but that she is glad she went to the execution. Herzog then asks her if the death penalty is something she thinks Jesus would do. She replies, “Probably not.”
 
The opening interview is with a chaplain who describes his role and you cannot almost see his heart break. If the executed have no one to claim their bodies, they are buried in the prison cemetery, each grave marked by a cross with numbers; no names; a reminder of how many of the executed were poor and probably had inadequate defense.
 
I think The Catechism of the Catholic Church explains Catholic teaching very clearly in paragraph 2267):
“Assuming that the guilty party's identity and responsibility have been fully determined, the traditional teaching of the Church does not exclude recourse to the death penalty, if this is the only possible way of effectively defending human lives against the unjust aggressor.
“If, however, non-lethal means are sufficient to defend and protect people's safety from the aggressor, authority will limit itself to such means, as these are more in keeping with the concrete conditions of the common good and more in conformity to the dignity of the human person.
“Today, in fact, as a consequence of the possibilities which the state has for effectively preventing crime, by rendering one who has committed an offense incapable of doing harm - without definitely taking away from him the possibility of redeeming himself - the cases in which the execution of the offender is an absolute necessity ‘are very rare, if not practically nonexistent.’"

Since 2000, there have been 278 murders carried out by the State of Texas. According to the website of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice on November 17, six executions are scheduled for January – March 2012. 234 executions have been carried out since Governor Rick Perry became governor in December 2000.
 
The five countries that have executed the most people since 2007 are Pakistan, the United States, Iraq, Iran, and China.
 
As former death house officer Fred Allen says in “Into the Abyss”, we need to abolish the death penalty and it is so easy to do it. We just have to change the law.


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Josephine Bakhita: For many years, Josephine Bakhita was a slave but her spirit was always free and eventually that spirit prevailed. 
<p>Born in Olgossa in the Darfur region of southern Sudan, Josephine was kidnapped at the age of seven, sold into slavery and given the name Bakhita, which means <i>fortunate</i>. She was re-sold several times, finally in 1883 to Callisto Legnani, Italian consul in Khartoum, Sudan. </p><p>Two years later he took Josephine to Italy and gave her to his friend Augusto Michieli. Bakhita became babysitter to Mimmina Michieli, whom she accompanied to Venice's Institute of the Catechumens, run by the Canossian Sisters. While Mimmina was being instructed, Josephine felt drawn to the Catholic Church. She was baptized and confirmed in 1890, taking the name Josephine. </p><p>When the Michielis returned from Africa and wanted to take Mimmina and Josephine back with them, the future saint refused to go. During the ensuing court case, the Canossian sisters and the patriarch of Venice intervened on Josephine's behalf. The judge concluded that since slavery was illegal in Italy, she had actually been free since 1885. </p><p>Josephine entered the Institute of St. Magdalene of Canossa in 1893 and made her profession three years later. In 1902, she was transferred to the city of Schio (northeast of Verona), where she assisted her religious community through cooking, sewing, embroidery and welcoming visitors at the door. She soon became well loved by the children attending the sisters' school and the local citizens. She once said, "Be good, love the Lord, pray for those who do not know Him. What a great grace it is to know God!" </p><p>The first steps toward her beatification began in 1959. She was beatified in 1992 and canonized eight years later.</p> American Catholic Blog St. Paul talks about the Christian life as a race, and encourages us to run so as to win. So it’s not just OK, it’s commanded to be competitive, to strive to excel. But true greatness consists in sharing in the sacrificial love of Christ, who comes to serve rather than to be served. That means that this race St. Paul is talking about is a race to the bottom.

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St. Josephine Bakhita
Today we honor the first saint from the Sudan, who was a model of piety and humility.

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