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ON FAITH & MEDIA View Comments

Mud

By
John Mulderig
Source: Catholic News Service


Jacob Lofland, Matthew McConaughey and Tye Sheridan star in a scene from the movie "Mud."
Set in rural Arkansas, along the banks of the Mississippi, writer-director Jeff Nichols' leisurely coming of age story "Mud" (Lionsgate/Roadside) owes an obvious debt to Mark Twain's classic tale "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn."

Realistically updating some of the most famous passages of Twain's iconic story, Nichols' script uses the template of what is arguably the Great American Novel to explore delicate moral shadings, the nature of friendship and the interplay of innocence and disillusionment in the mind of one of its main characters.

The still-shaping consciousness in question belongs to 14-year-old Ellis (Tye Sheridan). Gentle and idealistic, Ellis is opposites-attract best friends with peppery Neckbone (Jacob Lofland). With no parents on the scene -- he's being raised by his caring but hardly authoritative Uncle Galen (Michael Shannon) -- Neckbone is far less cautious than Ellis, but also more cynical.

Together, the two boys like to escape their hardscrabble environment by taking motorboat outings on the river. During one such journey, they discover a man named Mud (Matthew McConaughey) living on an otherwise uninhabited island in the waterway.

It emerges that Mud is a fugitive. Reared nearby, he's returned to the area on the run from his mysterious, but clearly freighted past.

Drawn by the stranger's charismatic personality and eccentric ways, the initially frightened Ellis goodheartedly agrees to help him, bringing him food and keeping his presence a secret. Characteristically, Neckbone takes more convincing, but Mud eventually wins him over as well.

As they assist Mud in refitting a disabled boat so he can make a waterborne getaway to the Gulf of Mexico, Ellis and Neckbone are increasingly drawn into -- and endangered by -- the tangled relationships in their new friend's life. The most significant of these is his obsessive on-again, off-again romance with comely girl-next-door Juniper (Reese Witherspoon).

According to Mud's version of events, the pair first fell for each other while they were still children. And it was his love for Juniper -- and the need to protect her from harm -- that drove Mud to commit the crime that now has both the police and a team of bounty hunters on his trail. He hopes to arrange for Juniper to be with him when he makes his escape.

Disputing Mud's account of all this is one of his few adult allies, Ellis' reclusive neighbor Tom Blankenship (Sam Shepard). Though he sympathizes with Mud, and has been something of a father figure to him in the past, Tom warns Ellis not to be swayed by Mud's charm or too persuaded by his glib discourse.

The complex bond between Mud and Juniper becomes a shifting prism through which Ellis views other relationships in his life.

At home, Ellis is coping with his quarreling parents' (Sarah Paulson and Ray McKinnon) impending divorce. He's also grappling with his puppy love for May Pearl (Bonnie Sturdivant), a sometimes disdainful older girl who's unsure whether, as an exalted high school student, she should lower herself to date a mere ninth grader.

Viewers conversant with scripture will note that the dangerous serpents who call the Mississippi home become a recurring symbol of evil in Nichols' narrative. The ambiguous mix of light and dark elements in Mud's personality, for example -- an embodiment of the effects of original sin -- can be connected to his past interaction with these malign creatures.

Character-centered and moving, "Mud" provides thoughtful entertainment for mature moviegoers.

The film contains intense but largely bloodless violence, some adolescent sex talk, including references to pornography, a couple of uses of profanity and considerable crude and crass language. The Catholic News Service classification is A-III -- adults. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is PG-13 -- parents strongly cautioned. Some material may be inappropriate for children under 13.

*****
John Mulderig is on the staff of Catholic News Service.



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Robert Bellarmine: When Robert Bellarmine was ordained in 1570, the study of Church history and the fathers of the Church was in a sad state of neglect. A promising scholar from his youth in Tuscany, he devoted his energy to these two subjects, as well as to Scripture, in order to systematize Church doctrine against the attacks of the Protestant Reformers. He was the first Jesuit to become a professor at Louvain. 
<p>His most famous work is his three-volume <i>Disputations on the Controversies </i><em>of the Christian Faith</em>. Particularly noteworthy are the sections on the temporal power of the pope and the role of the laity. He incurred the anger of monarchists in England and France by showing the divine-right-of-kings theory untenable. He developed the theory of the indirect power of the pope in temporal affairs; although he was defending the pope against the Scottish philosopher Barclay, he also incurred the ire of Pope Sixtus V. </p><p>Bellarmine was made a cardinal by Pope Clement VIII on the grounds that "he had not his equal for learning." While he occupied apartments in the Vatican, Bellarmine relaxed none of his former austerities. He limited his household expenses to what was barely essential, eating only the food available to the poor. He was known to have ransomed a soldier who had deserted from the army and he used the hangings of his rooms to clothe poor people, remarking, "The walls won't catch cold." </p><p>Among many activities, he became theologian to Pope Clement VIII, preparing two catechisms which have had great influence in the Church. </p><p>The last major controversy of Bellarmine's life came in 1616 when he had to admonish his friend Galileo, whom he admired. Bellarmine delivered the admonition on behalf of the Holy Office, which had decided that the heliocentric theory of Copernicus (the sun as stationary) was contrary to Scripture. The admonition amounted to a caution against putting forward—other than as a hypothesis—theories not yet fully proved. This shows that saints are not infallible. </p><p>Bellarmine died on September 17, 1621. The process for his canonization was begun in 1627 but was delayed until 1930 for political reasons, stemming from his writings. In 1930, Pope Pius XI canonized him and the next year declared him a doctor of the Church.</p> American Catholic Blog The joy of the Lord is our strength. Therefore, each of us will accept a life of poverty in cheerful trust. We will minister to Christ in the distressing disguise of the poor with cheerful devotion. If our work is done with joy, we will have no reason to be unhappy.

 
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